3. How do measures to ensure accountability bring in ethical governance? Discuss.
उत्तरदायित्व सुनिश्चित करने के उपायों से नैतिक लोकसेवा कैसे सुनिश्चित होती है? चर्चा करें।
Accountability ensures those in position of power or decision making are held responsible and answerable for their actions.
Accountability in Governance is ensured through
- Constitution – Democracy, DPSP’s, bodies like CAG.
- Checks and balances through judicial review, parliamentary control over executive.
- Legislative – Right to information act (RTI), Prevention of corruption Act (PCA).
- Citizen charters, Social Audits.
On the other hand, by ethical governance we mean not just ethical principles in formulating policies but ethical display in behavioral terms by people manning these governing institutions.
Various measures to ensure accountability bring in ethical governance with display of values like Equality, Dignity, Honesty, Fairness and Compassion.
- Mechanisms like social audit in MGNREGA, Gram sabha involve people in decision making process. This ensures accountability as well as equality principle as decision making is not left in the hands of few people.
- DPSP’s are fundamental in the governance of the country. They ensure vulnerable and marginalized are not left out. Law makers with responsibility to ensure socio-economic democracy come out with legislations and affirmative action leading to inclusive society. Ex: Rights of persons with disability Act 2016, Maternity Benefit Act, NSAP.
- Legislative means like RTI, PCA make administrative system transparent and minimize corruption in the system.
- System of checks and balance makes sure there is no concentration of power and each organ accountable for their actions. Thus, governance is carried in the interests of people. Ex: Judiciary through Review power(A-32) strikes down laws which are inconsistent with constitutional values.
No doubt, measures to ensure accountability would bring in ethical governance. However, ethical governance remains a utopian idea due to frailty human nature.
Best answer: Ankur