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Day 39 – Q 3.How has issue of illegal migration flared up communal tension in India? Do you think, NRC can address this problem? Examine.

3. How has issue of illegal migration flared up communal tension in India? Do you think, NRC can address this problem? Examine.

अवैध प्रवासन के मुद्दे ने भारत में सांप्रदायिक तनाव को कैसे बढ़ाया है? क्या आपको लगता है, एनआरसी इस समस्या को हल कर सकता है? जांच करें।


Illegal immigration is the illegal entry of a person or a group of persons across a country’s border, in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country, with the intention to remain in the country.


Illegal migration mainly takes place in the eastern and north-eastern parts of the country from neighbouring Bangladesh. This has resulted in communal Tensions:

  • Assam: Frequent communal tensions in parts of Assam have been the result of illegal migrants. It started with Nellie Massacre, one of the worst pograms after world war- II. Unofficial figures of killings go up to 10,000.
  • 2012 and 2014 Assam violence: Series of attack took place between Immigrant Muslims and Bodos who are an indigenous community in Assam.
  • Shillong: Between Khasi society and Punjabi settlers in Meghalaya’s shillong. Khasi society considers them as illegal settlers.
  • West Bengal: Influx of Hindu migrants from Bangladesh have led to series of communal violence in west Bengal recent being North 24 parganas.

How illegal migration has affected:

  • Increased pressure on land, resulting in depletion of forest wealth.
  • Undercutting of wages of unskilled jobs.
  • Forcible occupation of Government land by the migrants.
  • Terrorism.

An estimated 20 million illegal immigrants from Bangladesh are believed to be living in India although the actual figure could be much higher. In order to prevent illegal migration government has come up with National Citizen Registry in Assam.

It can solve the problem, as It will help in identification between illegal migrants and Indian Citizen/Indigenous people which might make it easier to deport them the illegal migrants.

It is not that easy as it sounds due to various issues:

  • Bangladesh not willing to recognize them as their own citizens.
  • Humanitarian and Legal issues.
  • Local political support due to vote bank.

Note: 1-2 lines explanation is needed for all points.


These illegal migrants are now spread in several states and distant places such as Rajasthan, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and so on. Thus it is high time to solve the problems of illegal migration to save Assamese people in their own land and to save the nation from the threat of illegal migrants.

Best Answer: No Best Answer.

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