2. The IT revolution of the late 80s have shaped the India of today. Elucidate.
80 के दशक के उत्तरार्ध की आईटी क्रांति ने आज के भारत को आकार दिया है। स्पष्ट करें।
The IT revolution marked the beginning of Industrial Revolution 3.0 in the world and in India. In India, it was started in 1984 by the then prime minister Rajiv Gandhi bringing computers to India and further boosted by LPG reform of 1991 in for of BPO/KPO and services.
As such, it’s shaped India of today in the following ways:
1. Economic aspect – IT/ITeS and BPO/KPO outsourcing became the backbone of Indian economy as the Services sector grew by leaps and bounds, becoming the cornerstone of economic growth and employment generation in the country giving job to almost 3.9 million people in the country .By 2025, 2.5 – 3 million new jobs are expecteed. Service sector has a great contribution in India’s GDP even more than manufacturing sector. It helped India to be one of the fastest growing economy.
- Political sector – With the emergence of e- governance and m- governance, transparency and accountability in political sector has increased through forums, portals. Citizen participation has also increased in governance like RTI act .
- Health sector – This sector has revolutionized in India with coming of telemedicine, new technology etc.
- Security- With IT revolution , space science and defence saw new enthusiasm in India through ISRO, DRDO which ultimately strengthened India security.
5.It became the cornerstone for the leadership role India has assumed in the early adoption of Artificial Intelligence-based industrial Revolution 4.0.
6. The Smart City program, which is the cornerstone of future urbanization in India will leverage India’s IT prowess, accumulated since the late 80s.
7.Smart Agriculture & Climate-smart agriculture are being realized today by leveraging this IT revolution in India.
- Cyber security and cyber crimes
- Data privacy
- Development of huge disparity and inequality between skilled and unskilled labourer.
Going forward, we need to skill our workforce to ensure that it’s ready for future employment generated as part of Industrial Revolution 4.0 which comprises of Internet of Things, cyber-physical systems, the Internet of things, cloud computing and cognitive computing. It will give boost to innovation too.
Best answer: Sreelakshmi Vijayan Uma