2. How is globalisation affecting the work culture in Indian corporates? Examine.
भारतीय कॉरपोरेट्स में वर्क कल्चर को वैश्वीकरण कैसे प्रभावित कर रहा है? जांच करें।
Globalization is described by theorists as the process through which societies and economies are integrated through cross border flows of ideas, communication, technology, capital, people, finance, goods, services and information. Globalization has a huge impact on cultural, social, monetary, political, and communal life of countries.
In India, MNCs are playing a major role in the globalisation process affecting the corporate work culture in many ways.
Competition: Globalization increases competitiveness at company level and national level, which leads company management and governments to embrace strategies designed to increase labour effectiveness with reference to productivity, quality and innovation.
Diversity in work space: People from all over the country from diverse social backgrounds work together in the corporate industry. This amalgamation provides a wonderful cauldron from where new ideas and systems will origina
Gender equality: Though female workforce is comparatively less compared to western countries, globalisation has brought about a change in the corporate culture of India, providing and hiring more female workforce, and measuring the capability than judging by gender.
Recreational spaces: Corporate work spaces nowadays also accommodate gyms, recreational rooms, gaming areas etc. to encourage employees to engage in personal and interactive developing activities.
Formal hierarchy: Globalisation has brought with it a formal work culture. Respecting employees’ privacy, segregation among team members and upper-level employees, strict work timings and weekend offs are some corporate styles of working.
Work from home and flexible shifts: Due to increase in dependency on technology and use of Internet, cloud facilities, ‘Work-from-home’ culture have been on the rise. Day and night shifts have been introduced to co-ordinate and accommodate western timelines. For ex- UK and US shifts are associated with work timings in the night.
Informal wear: Most corporate companies now do not stress on a strict adherence to formal attire. Informal but decent wear is also being encouraged to increase comfort of employees in the work environment.
However, there are certain undesirable implications as a result of globalisation:
Fast food culture: Work culture also is influenced by the fast food consumption as a spill over effect from globalisation. Corporate employees often tend to have food on their tables or in a short break, sometimes carrying out work simultaneously. This has been shown to increase health problems, stress and many chronic issues.
Night shifts: Though considered as a measure to increase productivity and suitability, the night shifts have been known to disrupt normal body behaviours and contribute to numerous health problems in the long run. Safety also becomes an issue at times, when commute is for longer distances.
Less social and cultural interactions: It has been said that ‘IT culture’ has resulted in a decrease of interactions with family and close ones due to either work pressure tiring them out, or carrying over the deadlines to personal spaces, thus impacting the personal relationships in a harmful manner.
Though globalisation as a positive phenomenon with professionalism might give further a strong motivation to the Indian economy, but apprehensions regarding its penetration into work culture of Indians should be addressed adequately to avoid collateral damage on India’s positive ethos.