Day 64 – Q 4.What are the components of sustainable resource management? Explain with the help of suitable examples.
4. What are the components of sustainable resource management? Explain with the help of suitable examples.
स्थायी संसाधन प्रबंधन के घटक क्या हैं? उपयुक्त उदाहरणों की सहायता से समझाएँ।
Sustainable Resource Management is the use of the available in a way that creates the ability of a system to thrive by maintaining economic viability and also nourishing the needs of the present and future generations by limiting resource depletion.
According to Global resources outlook 2019
- Resource extraction has more than tripled since 1970
- Resource extraction is responsible ~ 50% of greenhouse gas emissions and over 90 per cent of biodiversity loss and water stress.
Exploding human consumption is the driving force for Anthropocene extinction as per ‘The living planet report’ of WWF. These findings call for sustainable resource management.
Components of sustainable resource management
- Human well-being
- Economic activity (GDP)
- Environmental impact
Resource extraction is needed for human development
- India’s per capita GDP – $1965 (world average ~ $10,000)
- HDI – 0.64 (130/189)
- Per capita energy consumption ~ 1/5th of global average.
- ~300 million people do not have electricity
- 55% households live in mud or semi-concrete household (2011 census)
Economic activity (GDP)
- Employment need increasing the industrial base
- Doubling the farmer’s income require high energy consumption.
- To increase India’s manufacturing base and to decrease dependence on mineral import, resource extraction is important.
- IPCC report has said that this is the last chance for fight against climate change.
- Resource extraction is responsible ~ 50% of greenhouse gas emissions and over 90 per cent of biodiversity loss and water stress as per global resources outlook 2019 (UNEP).
- Exploding human consumption is the driving force for Anthropocene extinction (The living planet report, WWF)
- Sustainable future is one three biggest challenges as per World Economic Forum.
- Mean temperature in Indian has risen by 0.66o C.
- Disaster – Kerala floods etc.
Emission mitigation pathway for development
- Energy efficiency
- Alternative to aviation turbine fuel
- Efficient power loom equipments
- LED lights
- Power sector decarbonisation through renewable energy
- Electrification of end uses – eg: electric cook stoves; electric vehicle
Ingraining sustainable development concept in governance
- Impact assessment of any project
Sustainable resource management is the answer to present crisis and the future need.