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Day 12 – Q 5.Lynching by mobs has become a recurring phenomenon in India. What can be the possible factors behind this trend? Examine. Also suggest ways to address it.

5. Lynching by mobs has become a recurring phenomenon in India. What can be the possible factors behind this trend? Examine. Also suggest ways to address it. 

हिंसक जनसमूह द्वारा वध भारत में एक आवर्ती घटना बन गई है। इस प्रवृत्ति के पीछे संभावित कारक क्या हो सकते हैं? जांच करें। इसे हल करने के तरीकों का भी सुझाव दें।


Question is direct. Mention the reasons for this trend and give recent examples. The answer would be incomplete without examples. Conclusion should be solution oriented and optimistic.

Introduction: Lynching is unlawful murder by an angry mob of people. Lynching in India was first reported in Khairlanji massacre of 2006. It has assumed a rising trend in recent times- Dadri lynching case of cow slaughtering, Jharkhand Lynching case for alleged child lifting and Junaid’s murder in a train by an angry mob.It indicates barbarous behavior of few individuals in the Indian society.


Diverse nature of the Indian society which gives way to social discrimination based on caste and religion. Lynching is one of the ways used by majority to intimidate the minority sections of the society.

Lynching is not defined in the Indian legal system and there are no punishments with regards to lynching thus giving a free way to hate crime perpetrators.

Indiscriminate use of social media to spread fake news and rumors against a particular section of the society, which resulted in Muzaffarnagar riots in 2013.

Rising cow vigilantism and the groups such as Gaurakshaks which is resorting to extreme steps of mob violence.

Rising level of jobless growth has deviated youth from healthy career goals and limited their sphere to propagate hate crime by local politicians to serve their selfish motives.

Lack of proper infrastructure and officials might have also been the reason to prevent the people to barge in prison cells and kill the rape accused as we observe what had happened in the Dimapur lynching case.

Ways to address:

Introduce a specific law with strict punishment to ensure deterrence. In this light, Maanav Suraksha Kanoon (MAUKSA) has been proposed to highlight the need of speedy justice, rehabilitation measures and witness protection.

A practical and innovative way of educating students about the values of secularism, equality, fraternity and compassion towards the society.

More officials or officers should be recruited and trained in a professional manner to deal with lynching cases with a secured police station equipped with better infrastructure.

Awareness drive or campaigns such as the Not In My Name should be encouraged by the civilians.

Engaging youth in gainful employment and promoting local entrepreneurship through various government initiatives.

Government is already taking measures to prevent spread of hate messages and fake rumours through social media platforms like Whatsapp.

Reiterate in the belief “Unity in Diversity” alone is India’s strength.


It is the duty of the Government to punish a criminal; a layman should not take law into his own hands. Awareness programs should be created so that the people are aware that lynching is a serious offence and not to take part in it.

Best Answer: Maximus

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