5. The recent developments in Korean peninsula is a welcome change. Discuss.
कोरियाई प्रायद्वीप में हालिया विकास एक स्वागत योग्य परिवर्तन है। चर्चा करें।
- Introduction- Conflict in Korean peninsula.
- Recent developments
- How it is a welcome change?
- Way ahead
Korean peninsula has been a geopolitical hotspot zone since the cold war era. The relationship between North and South Korea has been troublesome since decades. Growing to the heights of rapid nuclearisation of N Korea, deployment of THAAD by USA, covert support to N Korea by China etc.
- Participation of N Korea in winter Olympics.
- Singapore summit- Conference between USA and North Korea in Singapore led to Inter-Korea declaration. Though the declaration was not VCID (Verifiable, Comprehensive, Irreversible and Denuclearization).
- Panmunjom summit- Between N and S Korea. The Panmunjom declaration seeks to remove both social and economic sanctions on N Korea upon its complete de-nuclearisation.
- Agreement toward de-nuclearisation- Kim Jong has for the first time agreed on de-nuclearisation and has started destroying the nuclear armaments.
A welcome change:
- De-nuclearisation of S Korea will help global community to fight the issue of nuclearisation in more robust way. Thereby making the world more peaceful.
- N Korea can now emulate the success story of S Korea.
- Development of N Korea will help it to tackle China upfront and not seek covert support from it. This in turn will help India to play a better role in the region.
- Total dependence on China to negotiate with N.Korea should be minimized.
All stakeholders’ involvement should be sought for.
- The country should be integrated not only strategically but also economically. Easing of sanctions can help in this direction.
- Track-II diplomacy involving intellectuals can be initiated.
- Confidence building measures between the two Korean nations like recent de-militarization of borders should be implemented.
- It needs to be ensured that turn of events does not lead to back out of N Korea from the de-nuclearisation agreement as it happened in the case of Iran.
Recent turn of events are indeed a welcome change, however, it must be ensured that the momentum is maintained and the terms of agreements/declarations are followed in true spirit.
Best answer: Parul Jain