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Day 36 – Q 1.What was the Young Bengal Movement? What were its objectives?

1. What was the Young Bengal Movement? What were its objectives? 

युवा बंगाल आंदोलन क्या था? इसके उद्देश्य क्या थे?


  • Introduction- About Young Bengal Movement
  • Its objectives
  • Analysis- Criticism and success
  • Conclusion


The Young Bengal movement was a group of radical Bengali free thinkers emerging from Hindu College, Calcutta. They were also known as Derozians, after their firebrand teacher at Hindu College, Henry Louis Vivian Derozio.


  • The Young Bengals were inspired and excited by the spirit of free thought and revolt against the existing social and religious structure of Hindu society.
  • Young Bengal followed classical economics, and was composed of free traders who took inspiration from Jeremy Bentham, Adam Smith, and David Ricardo.
  • The movement was inspired by French revolution.


  • They wanted to promote radical ideas through teachings and by organizing debates and discussions on Literature, History, Philosophy and Science.
  • The basic motto of Derozio was to spread intellectual revolution among young students. He was a great propounder of liberal thinking.
  • Curbing social evils like child marriage, child labour, sati etc. Promoting women education.
  • Spreading ideas of French revolution like liberty, fraternity and equality.
  • They wanted to promote value based and rational thinking through scientific based knowledge rather than rote learning.


The Derozians failed to have a long term impact.

  • Derozio was removed from the Hindu college in 1831 because of radicalism.
  • The main reason for their limited success was social conditions prevailing at that time which were not ripe for adoption of radical ideas.
  • Further they lacked to link masses like peasant cause.


Despite the failures, the movement was not a failure in totality. Derozian’s ideas had a profound influence on the social movement that came to be known as the Bengal Renaissance in the early 19th century Bengal.

Best answer: Shweta

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