1. What was the Young Bengal Movement? What were its objectives?
युवा बंगाल आंदोलन क्या था? इसके उद्देश्य क्या थे?
- Introduction- About Young Bengal Movement
- Its objectives
- Analysis- Criticism and success
The Young Bengal movement was a group of radical Bengali free thinkers emerging from Hindu College, Calcutta. They were also known as Derozians, after their firebrand teacher at Hindu College, Henry Louis Vivian Derozio.
- The Young Bengals were inspired and excited by the spirit of free thought and revolt against the existing social and religious structure of Hindu society.
- Young Bengal followed classical economics, and was composed of free traders who took inspiration from Jeremy Bentham, Adam Smith, and David Ricardo.
- The movement was inspired by French revolution.
- They wanted to promote radical ideas through teachings and by organizing debates and discussions on Literature, History, Philosophy and Science.
- The basic motto of Derozio was to spread intellectual revolution among young students. He was a great propounder of liberal thinking.
- Curbing social evils like child marriage, child labour, sati etc. Promoting women education.
- Spreading ideas of French revolution like liberty, fraternity and equality.
- They wanted to promote value based and rational thinking through scientific based knowledge rather than rote learning.
The Derozians failed to have a long term impact.
- Derozio was removed from the Hindu college in 1831 because of radicalism.
- The main reason for their limited success was social conditions prevailing at that time which were not ripe for adoption of radical ideas.
- Further they lacked to link masses like peasant cause.
Despite the failures, the movement was not a failure in totality. Derozian’s ideas had a profound influence on the social movement that came to be known as the Bengal Renaissance in the early 19th century Bengal.
Best answer: Shweta