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Day 42 – Q 3.How did political corruption and unemployment shape Indian politics post independence? Analyse.

3. How did political corruption and unemployment shape Indian politics post independence? Analyse. 

आजादी के बाद राजनीतिक भ्रष्टाचार और बेरोजगारी ने भारतीय राजनीति को कैसे बदल दिया? विश्लेषण करें


Financial or political corruption, crime and violence as well as unemployment emerged as the top three issues that bother post-independent Indian, according to a study by the global research firm, Ipsos. And this trend is not limited to India but also most of the developed, developing and underdeveloped countries around the world, according to this study.

Post-independence the Indian political system has developed as a single party system till 1967 after that coalition government became a norm, and from there the compromising politics as well as the shape of corruptions have changed from time to time, for e.g. bofors scandal.

Political corruption and unemployment in post-independent India:

  • Political Corruption is a global issue but a bigger one in India. Efforts have not really paid off much yet as we get unpleasant surprises of newer corruption cases every now and then, even after intervention from judiciary being made limited in this area.
  • Government will need to further tighten its stranglehold on law and order and of course look at more employment generation opportunities to address, is the second top worry.
  • Criminalisation of politics is another issue of Indian politics, where the parliament function also came down to around 70 days from 130 days on average from post-independence.
  • Corrupt governments are in it for themselves and are solely focused on maintaining power they are not motivated to help their people. So along those lines poverty is a way to control thought and power.
  • For example if a company becomes too big in a corrupt country that government might suppress it so not to have someone able to challenge the current authority. They might divide people along lines like race and ethnicity.
  • That way people fight with themselves instead of focusing on positive economic growth. For example they might spread a lie, person of this race is lazy and terrible worker. If enough people believe it a person of that race will not be employed.
  • There are very large numbers of highly educated youth in rural and small town north India who cannot obtain secured salaried work.
  • These young people are crucially important economically, socially and politically shape Indian politics post-independence.
  • It would be no exaggeration to say that the activities of educated unemployed and underemployed youth in provincial India will greatly shape the future of the country over the next twenty years.
  • Due to lack of employment people are choosing to go beyond their limits and indulging in the crime and organised crimes.

Corrupt politicians and governments formed post-independence are often very ideological and are not interested in reality or hearing conflicting points of view, which is evident from the government history books. If they believe in an economic model that doesn’t fit reality it’ll cause unemployment and could cause a financial crisis. An example of this might be an acceptance of price gouging, people making things more expensive for no reason, but is ignored because someone with connections is making an obscene amount of money. All this is often in tandem with sowing fear and a distrust for institutions. This distrust limits institutions from creating positive change in the country.

But the post 1991 reforms has changed the situation, it has given some impetus to the employment as well as some reforms in the governance and government has taken place, which can be evident with the present scenario.

Best Answer: Chandler

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