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Day 45 – Q 5.Discuss the role and mandate of Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) in addressing corruption. Has it been effective? Critically examine.

5. Discuss the role and mandate of Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) in addressing corruption. Has it been effective? Critically examine. 

भ्रष्टाचार को संबोधित करने में केंद्रीय सतर्कता आयोग (सीवीसी) की भूमिका और जनादेश पर चर्चा करें। क्या यह प्रभावी रहा है? समालोचनात्मक जांच करें।


Corruption is considered to be one of the gravest problems of Independent India, the issue is at the core of most of the problems of India. In this respect, Central Vigilance Commission was established in 1964 under the recommendations of Santhanam Committee, it gained statutory authority in 2003 CVC Act.


The mandate and the powers of CVC have kept evolving over the years, The CVC is headed by Central Vigilance Commissioner which is appointed by President, the role of CVC in current context can be analyzed as follows- 

Mandate of the CVC 

  • It is considered to be the coordinating authority to check Corruption for All India services, Central services, PSUs and other departments.
  • It heads the Delhi Special Police in cases of Corruption.
  • It reviews the grants of prosecution clearance by the government.
  • Recommending disciplinary actions against higher officials of Group A,B, All India services etc
  • It is basically considered to be the nodal agency to tackle corruption at the national level.

    In sync with its mandate CVC has proved to be an effective organization in tackling corruption, it has proved its mettle in the past by the following actions-

  • It has led to smooth appointment of important officers at various posts in the past.
  • It has taken noteworthy action in the past against senior officials, senior personnel and even many politicians.
  • It organizes vigilance week every year to create awareness against the menace of Corruption.
  • It acts as a civil court and can act “Suo Moto”
  • The independence of CVC is maintained as it is recruited by an Independent committee consisting of PM, Home Minister, Leader of Opposition etc.

    However, the expectation that CVC will be an institute which can prove to be “One Stop Solution” to tackle Corruption in the country has been proved to be a hoax, due to the following ineffectiveness-

  • The Decisions of the CVC are not binding on the organizations or ministries.
  • It is seen that like most other organizations even CVC has been proved to be a “toothless tiger”
  • Very low conviction rate has reduced the impact of CVC and its effectiveness.
  • There is huge delay in the cases that CVC handles, hence it does not act as an effective deterrent.
  • The demand for effective Lokpal is still in pipeline.
  • In most cases, the domains and the jurisdiction of the organizations is not clear.
  • Multiplicity of organization leads to work duplication and reduces the effectiveness.
  • The post of Central Vigilance Commissioner has remained vacant for a long period of time.


Corruption is one issue that needs effective institutions to tackle the same, the demand of new institutions like Lokpal is on the rise due to the failure of the existing organization like the CVC. The powers of the CVC with respect to its mandate, the financial independence, increase in the implementation of otherwise the just advisory role of the CVC needs to be tackled. At the same time it should be ensured that administration does not get stuck in the fear of the three C’s – CVC,CBI and CAG and move towards an constructive solution.

BEST ANSWER: Ankita Munshi

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