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Day 11 – Q 4.With the help of suitable examples, illustrate the system of various committees in the Parliament.

4. With the help of suitable examples, illustrate the system of various committees in the Parliament.

उपयुक्त उदाहरणों की मदद से, संसद में विभिन्न समितियों की प्रणाली को चित्रित करें।


  • Keywords in this question are “illustrate” and “Examples”. Here in this question, we simply have to write about parliamentary committees and their function. It should be written in a way that system of their functioning with respect to parliament should be clear from our answer.
  • In introduction, we can introduce why parliamentary committees are required.
  • In conclusion we can mention the significance of this system.
  • No need of criticism, because demand of question is to simply illustrate with example.


  • The Parliament is a massive body to deliberate effectively all the issues that come up before it.
  • It has neither the adequate time nor necessary expertise to make a detailed scrutiny of all legislative measures and other matters.
  • Therefore, there are a number of committees that help in complex functions of the Parliament.


  • In the Constitution of India, there is mention of committees but any specific provisions regarding their composition, tenure, functions, etc are not given in constitution.
  • All these matters are dealt by the rules of two Houses.

A parliamentary committee means a committee that:

  1. Is appointed or elected by the House or nominated by the Speaker / Chairman
  2. Works under the direction of the Speaker / Chairman
  3. Presents its report to the House or to the Speaker / Chairman
  4. Has a secretariat provided by the Lok Sabha / Rajya Sabha

Method of appointment:

  • The members of almost all standing committees are elected by the Parliament (respective house) every year from amongst its members according to the principle of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. Thus, all parties get due representation in it.
  • A minister cannot be elected as a member of the committee.
  • The chairman of the committee is appointed from amongst its members by the Speaker.


Parliamentary committees are of two kinds—Standing Committees (Permanent; constituted every year or periodically) and Ad Hoc Committees (temporary; cease to exist on completion of the task assigned to them).

Public Accounts Committee

  • It is an example of standing committee, currently consisting of 22 members (15 from the Lok Sabha and 7 from the Rajya Sabha).
  • The function of the committee is to examine the annual audit reports of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG).
  • The committee examines public expenditure not only from legal and formal point of view to discover technical irregularities but also from the point of view of economy, prudence, wisdom and propriety to bring out the cases of waste, loss, corruption, extravagance, inefficiency and nugatory expenses.

Estimates Committee

  • It is also an example of standing committee.
  • All the thirty members are from Lok Sabha only. The Rajya Sabha has no representation in this committee.
  • The function of the committee is to examine the estimates included in the budget and suggest ‘economies’ in public expenditure.

Committee on Public Undertakings

  • It is a standing committee; consist of 22 members (15 from the Lok Sabha and 7 from the Rajya Sabha).
  • The function of the committee is to examine the reports, accounts and all other matters of public undertakings.

Other than these, there are many departmental standing committees (such as Committee on Labour, Committee on Railways, etc.) and committees to inquire (such as Committee on Petitions, Ethics Committee, etc.)


  • In parliamentary committees all the parties get representation. The procedure of formation of parliamentary committee and its functions make this set up more democratic.
  • Those members who cannot express their views and concerns in massive body of the house, can perform effectively in smaller committees.
  • This system of parliamentary committees makes the legislative process speedy and unbiased.

Best Answer: Sakshi

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