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Day 26 – Q 1. Why did anti-monarchy sentiments spread in 18th century Europe? Examine.

1. Why did anti-monarchy sentiments spread in 18th century Europe? Examine.

18 वीं शताब्दी यूरोप में राजतंत्र विरोधी भावनाएं क्यों फैलीं? जांच करें।


In Europe, the eighteenth century was a period of intellectual, social, and political ferment. This time witnessed many events like French Revolution, German unification, establishment of republics etc., mainly due to growing anti-monarchy sentiments.


Reasons for the growth of such sentiments:

  • Social factors-
  • Feudalism divided the society into rigid classes which resulted in exploitation of peasants
  • Interference of church beyond religious affairs and incompetence of monarchy to control it
  • Emergence of towns and cities, increased the importance of merchants and artisans
  • Economic factors-
  • Transition to money based economy from land based increased the importance of trade and investment
  • Heavy taxation on peasantry
  • Extravagant lifestyles of monarch that depleted the royal treasures
  • Burden of frequent wars, that led to increased taxation
  • Political factors-
  • Wavering trust in monarchy due to inefficient rule
  • Rise of middle class and its ability to demand its rights
  • American revolution acted as a source of inspiration
  • Renaissance and enlightenment-
  • Concern for worldly matters was rejected and focus shifted on man’s happiness
  • New philosophers emphasized on ideas like liberty, equality and fraternity


Anti-monarchy sentiments, which arose due to changing conditions, further, fuelled the changes in European society by establishing a just and equal order of ruling. Democracy became a dominant political setup and is continuing till date.

Best answer: Christina

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