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Day 36 – Q 2. What were the achievements of the moderate phase of freedom struggle in India? Examine.

2. What were the achievements of the moderate phase of freedom struggle in India? Examine.

भारत में स्वतंत्रता संग्राम के नरमपंथ चरण की उपलब्धियाँ क्या थीं? जांच करें।


Moderates are the early leaders of the congress between the time period of 1885-1905.The leaders of this time period included Dadabhai Naoroji, Pherozshah Mehta, SN Banerjee who were staunch believers in liberalism  and moderate politics .


Contribution of moderates:

1) They were the architect of first all India political forum. They build up a political platform which became the focal point of national mainstream movement in the years to come.

2) They exposed the true nature of the colonial rule and elements associated with it –that Indian poverty was result of colonial exploitation. They could corrode much of the popular belief in benevolence and good will of imperial rule

3) They strengthened the process of India becoming a nation. They fostered a sense of political unity, spirit of togetherness and unity of purpose

4) They also began process of inculcating national sentiments among the people in organised manner. They strengthened democratic conception popularised the idea of representative institutions and elective principles.

5) Some of the major achievements of moderates were a) Passing of Indians council’s act of 1882 b) Formation of welby commission on Indian expenditure in 1895 c) Passing of resolution in House of commons for simultaneous examinations in 1893

However, the moderates also suffered from some limitation

  1. The movement under moderates failed to acquire roots among masses. Their programme remained confined to elite
  2. They failed to carry out plan for nationwide constitutional agitation


Thus Moderates provided a significant ground work and awakened another generation of nationalists who continued to demand for their rights.

Best Answer: John Nash

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