Day 42 – Q 4. The nuclear tests conducted in Pokhran gave India a strategic upper hand and a stronger voice at global forums? Examine.
4. The nuclear tests conducted in Pokhran gave India a strategic upper hand and a stronger voice at global forums? Examine.
पोखरण में किए गए परमाणु परीक्षणों ने भारत को एक रणनीतिक ऊपरी हाथ और वैश्विक मंचों पर एक मजबूत आवाज दी? जांच करें।
On May 11, 1998, India conducted a series of five nuclear bomb test explosions known as Pokhran II under the code name Operation Shakti. The tests gave India a strategic upper hand and a stronger voice at global forums.
- India entered the club of elite nuclear powers.
- Opened up the global nuclear market for development of nuclear power without signing the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) or the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
- India secured rights to receive uninterrupted nuclear fuel supplies as a trade-off against safeguards on its civilian nuclear facilities.
- India occupied a special position as a responsible state with advanced nuclear technology due to its no-first use policy and commitment to disarmament with advanced nuclear technology.
- After the tests, there has been a growing engagement of India with global players on the high-tech sectors of defence, space and atomic energy.
- India became full partner in the mega ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) project and other mega-science projects like LIGO, and Thirty Metre Telescope.
- Raised national pride
- It has helped in commerce and economy.
- The nuclear tests played a big role in technology integration, which can help us take advantage of our demographic dividend.
- U.S. imposed sanctions on India.
- The tests were criticized by almost all global players.
- Pakistan too entered the nuclear race.
India did suffer international repercussions for a while, but at the end the impact on Indian economy was positive. Technological barriers were brought down; India got established as a responsible nuclear power and raised its stature in the world.
Best answer: Gargi Gupta