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Day 44 – Q 4. What are technology missions? What do these missions try to achieve? Explain.

4. What are technology missions? What do these missions try to achieve? Explain.  

प्रौद्योगिकी मिशन क्या हैं? ये मिशन क्या हासिल करने की कोशिश करते हैं? स्पष्ट करें।


Technology Mission generally implies that projects have clearly defined objectives, scopes, and implementation timelines. They have measurable outcomes and service levels with the help of technology advancements in particular assigned sector. The “Technology Missions” are the brainchild of Mr. Rajiv Gandhi, started in 1987.


The mission was started as an offshoot of the Seventh Plan in the fields of literacy, immunization, oilseeds, drinking water, dairy products and telecommunication. Subsequently, pulses, oil palm and maize were also brought within the purview of the Mission in 1990-91, 1992 and 1995-96 respectively. These missions are funded jointly by Centre and State Govt. and other allied institutions.

Objectives of the mission:

  • Drinking water- Improve the availability and quality of drinking water in rural areas. There has been substantive efforts like using geohydrological mapping, to determine where to drill new wells, increasing water sources and making accessible clean water to villages.
  • Literacy- Make substantial improvement in the functional literacy of the population. The mission had the dual focus of motivating people (adults in particular) to learn, and providing materials and teachers. The Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (DISHA) or National Digital Literacy Mission (NDLM) Scheme has been formulated to impart IT training.
  • Immunization- Immunize all infants against six diseases and women against tetanus. With consistent efforts over years India was declared polio-free in 2013.
  • Dairy production- The goal of the dairy mission was to develop and implement technologies to improve breeding, animal health, and fodder and milk production. Today, India is the number one producer of milk in the world. 
  • Telecommunication- Extend and improve the telecommunication network especially in rural areas. BharatNet has been laid down and other efforts are also yielding results through indigenous development, local young talent, rural telecom, digital switching networks, local manufacturing and privatization.
  • Agriculture and Horticulture- To improve overall agricultural production and holistic development of agriculture. National Mission on Sustainable agriculture, National Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture and Horticulture Mission for North East and Himalayan States have been launched for the same.

Other technology missions like on Railways, nano technology, technical textiles etc. have also been launched.

These missions have transformed the socio-economic parameters of India, but there are still challenges like slow pace of implementation, bureaucratic hurdles, lack of clarity about missions on stakeholders etc., which need to be addressed soon.


Write a brief conclusion

Best answer: Arvind Senta

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