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Day 53 – Q 3. How do external state actors use terrorism as a tool to destabilise the internal security of a state? Analyse with reference to India.

3. How do external state actors use terrorism as a tool to destabilise the internal security of a state? Analyse with reference to India.  

बाहरी राष्ट्र आतंकवाद का उपयोग किसी राष्ट्र की आंतरिक सुरक्षा को अस्थिर करने के लिए कैसे करते हैं? भारत के संदर्भ में विश्लेषण करें।


External state actors include the governments and their agencies such as military, intelligence apparatus, Government run industries etc. They have formal backing of a sovereign state for carrying out any intended action.


State actors may act against other states if there is clash of interests in terms of ideology, economic or strategic interests. Towards this end, terrorism is employed as a tool by external state actors.

Countries such as China, Pakistan through political backing, economic assistance, logistic support, military training or arms supplies have supported terror outfits and insurgent groups. Terrorist groups like Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Indian Mujahideen (IM), though non-state actors, have de facto support from Pakistan who are behind Mumbai attack and attack on Indian parliament. By supporting terror groups, these countries have used terrorism as a tool to disrupt peace and destabilize internal security of India.

How terrorism destabilizes internal security:

  • Acts of terror like bomb blasts in major cities (Mumbai attack), attack on important places/institutions results into death of civilians. Violent acts instil fear in the minds of the people.
  • Justifying their actions as retaliation against atrocities on minorities and targeting people of particular community/religion disrupts social harmony. Appeal to religious sentiments is likely to increase religious hatred leading to communal conflicts and riots.
  • Radicalisation of youth and possibility of lone-wolf attacks.
  • By supporting insurgent groups promote regionalism/secessionist tendencies in the country. Example: insurgent groups in North-East, Kashmir separatism.
  • Problem of drugs in Punjab and certain states of North-East like Manipur and there are enough evidence for link between drug trafficking and terrorism.  
  • Thus in a nutshell pose country with internal security challenges like communalism, regionalism, extremism and organised crime.


India has been at the receiving end of terrorism over the years. Over the years Government of India has taken measures like setting up National Security Agency (NSA), NATGRID, strengthening army and coastal guards. However, new means of terror warrants sustained vigilance.

Best answer:  Another Being

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