Day 78 – Q 3. Urbanisation has been linked with habitat loss but there are several species which have nicely adapted to the urban environment. Illustrate.
3. Urbanisation has been linked with habitat loss but there are several species which have nicely adapted to the urban environment. Illustrate.
Urbanization is process of global scale changing the social and environmental landscape on every continent. Formation of cities and urban infrastructure leads to habitat destruction. But there are species which well adapted to changing landscape.
Urbanization is a process by which a large number of people become permanently concentrated in relatively small areas, forming cities. For this there is large scale destruction of forests and other natural setup and construction of huge urban infrastructure such as skyscrapers, multi-story buildings, roads and railways, etc.
Along with human being there are certain species which have adapted to the urban environment.
- Nests of Crow, pigeon, sparrow, etc. are usually found in buildings’ balconies and heights of skyscrapers, etc.
- Black Kite (Cheel) is another huge bird frequently seen in the urban skies.
- Animals such as dogs and cats became part of usual urban life.
- Spider and lizards usually invade any urban infrastructure.
Causes of adaptation:
- Higher intelligence.
- Genetic mutation (Lizard, spiders, butterflies).
- Nesting skills.
Note: 1-2 lines explanation is required for each point.
Adaptation of species in urban areas is often referred to as “Urban Darwinism”. Darwin discovered the principle of nature; survival of the fittest. This may be the reason behind how certain species successfully adapted urbanisation. Being human, a species the highly developed brain, we must create infrastructure which will not only help us but also accommodate other species too.
Best Answer: Ramendra