Day 1 – Q 4.What are some of the most recurring themes of Indian music (both Hindustani and Carnatic schools)? Discuss with the help of suitable examples.
4. What are some of the most recurring themes of Indian music (both Hindustani and Carnatic schools)? Discuss with the help of suitable examples.
भारतीय संगीत (हिंदुस्तानी और कर्नाटक दोनों शाखााओं) के सबसे आवर्ती विषयों में से कुछ क्या हैं? उपयुक्त उदाहरणों की सहायता से चर्चा करें।
Carnatic music is a system of music associated with the southern part of Indian sub-continent. Hindustani music is associated with North India and is deeply influenced by Persian and Islamic music system.
The most recurring themes of Indian music (both Hindustani and Carnatic Schools) are:
- Basic elements: swara, raga and tala as foundation of both Carnatic and Hindustani are same.
- Association with religion: Hindustani music originated in the Vedic period, while Carnatic music originated during the Bhakti movement.
- Association with Vedic traditions: Both the music evolved with Sanskrit language scripts in itself.
- Association with melody: The central notions in both these system is that of a melodic mode or raga, sung to a rhythmic cycle or tala.
- Praising of god :All the music compositions were in deep reverence to god almighty. For example, the songs on lord Krishna and radha, Goddess durga, etc.
- Praising of king in royal courts: All the music compositions were made to express the bravery of king’s .For example in Akbar court, poets praised him by singing songs.
- Association with dance: Every music show was accompanied by dance performance. For example, kathak (Hindustani music) or Bharatanatyam (Carnatic music).
- Guru – Sishya relationship: This is the bedrock principle of Indian music fraternity. It is evident from chain of music schools or gharana in north and south India.
- Source of entertainment: Every music functions organized were great source for relaxing and get together.
- To express Emotions and feelings: Both forms of music was accompanied by rich emotions like fear, comedy, horror, sorrow and others.
Both Carnatic and Hindustani school of music represent the rich heritage of Indian music which must be preserved and transmitted for future generations. Both forms of music rejuvenated the people in all possible ways to carry out their daily routines in an efficient manner.