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Day 7 – Q 4. In what ways does the Indian Constitution provide the framework for an egalitarian state? Explain.

4. In what ways does the Indian Constitution provide the framework for an egalitarian state? Explain.  

भारतीय संविधान एक समतावादी राज्य के लिए किन तरीकों से रूपरेखा प्रदान करता है? स्पष्ट करें।


Egalitarian state is the one in which it Expresses or supports the belief that all people are equal and should have the same Rights and opportunities. Equal opportunities imply absence of privilege and Exploitation. Indian constitution emphasizes the principles of egalitarian state in very preamble itself.  


In following ways the Indian Constitution provides the framework for an egalitarian state. 

Secularism: Features of secularism as envisaged in the Preamble is to mean that the state will have no religion of its own and all persons will be equally entitled to the freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practice and propagate the religion of their choice. 

Democratic: Indicates that the Constitution has established a form of Government which gets its authority from the will of the people. The rulers are elected by the people and are responsible to them.

Republic: As opposed to a monarchy, in which the head of state is appointed on the hereditary basis for a lifetime or until he abdicates from the throne, a democratic republic is an entity in which the head of state is elected, directly or indirectly, for a fixed tenure. The President of India is elected by an electoral college for a term of five years. The post of the President of India is not hereditary. Every citizen of India is eligible to become the President of the country.

Justice: the term justice has three distinct forms- social, economic and political secured through various provisions of fundamental rights and directive principles.                                       

  • Social justice: it denotes the equal treatment of all citizens without any social distinction based on caste, color, race, religion, sex and so on.
  • Economic justice: denotes the non-discrimination between people on the basis of economic involves the elimination of glaring inequalities in wealth, income and property. A combination of social justice and economic justice denotes as a ‘distributive justice’. 
  • Political justice: All citizens should have equal political rights, equal access to all political offices and equal voice in the government. 

Equality: the term equality means absence of special privileges to any section of the society, and the provision of adequate opportunities for all individuals without any discrimination. 

Liberty: it means the absence of restraints on the activities of individuals, and at the same time, providing opportunities for the development of individual personalities. 


India is a multi-diverse nation with lot of complex problems and issues. You cannot just pinpoint at one problem. If India wants tolerance and egalitarianism like the western counterparts, various cultural, structural and political problems had to be either eradicated or reformed.

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