Day 65 – Q 2.How is India placed globally in terms of renewables? What initiatives have been taken recently to tap the potential on this front? Examine.
2. How is India placed globally in terms of renewables? What initiatives have been taken recently to tap the potential on this front? Examine.
नवीकरणीय ऊर्जा स्रोतों की दृष्टि से भारत वैश्विक स्तर पर क्या स्ताहन रखता है? इस मोर्चे पर संभावित दोहन के लिए हाल ही में क्या पहल की गई है? जांच करें।
India is one of the countries with the largest production of energy from renewable sources. As of 2019, 35% of India’s installed electricity generation capacity is from renewable sources, generating 17% of total electricity in the country.
Renewable Energy in India Potential: Estimated renewable energy potential: 900 GW from commercially exploitable sources Sources:
Wind: 102 GW (at 80 metre mast height); Small Hydro – 20 GW
Bio energy – 25 GW; Solar-750 GW solar powers
India ranked second in renewable energy attractiveness index in 2017.
- India was ranked 76th on a global energy transition index 2019.Sweden remains on the top on this annual list compiled by Geneva-based World Economic Forum (WEF) and is followed by Switzerland and Norway in the top three.
- India ranks 4th in overall installed capacity of 35 GW of wind energy. While, China tops the chart with 221 GW of installed wind capacity followed by the United States and Germany.
Policy Initiatives in the Renewable Energy Sector
Intended Nationally Determined Contribution: The GoI in its submission to the UNFCC on Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) has stated that India will achieve 40% cumulative Electric power capacity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources GoI has set a target of achieving 175GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022. This includes:
- 60 GW from wind power,
- 100 GW from solar power,
- 10 GW from biomass power
- 5 GW from small hydro power
India is all set to cross the 100GW renewable energy capacity mark in 2020 and can make rapid strides towards the ambitious 175GW clean energy target by 2022 provided the government keeps a close eye on key issues and deals with those well in time.vvvv