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Day 74 – Q 5.What is the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction? What are its objectives? Discuss.

5. What is the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction? What are its objectives? Discuss. 

आपदा जोखिम न्यूनीकरण के लिए सेंडाइ फ्रेमवर्क क्या है? इसके उद्देश्य क्या हैं? चर्चा करें।


The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 is a 15-year, voluntary, nonbinding agreement. It recognizes that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk but that responsibility should be shared with other stakeholders including –

  • Local government
  • The private sector and
  • Other stakeholders 

It aims for substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihoods, and health and in the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of persons, businesses, communities and countries.

The Four Priorities for Action

  • Understanding disaster risk 
  • Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk
  • Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience 
  • Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and to “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction


The Seven Global Targets of Sendai Framework

  • Substantially reduce global disaster mortality by 2030, aiming to lower average per 100,000 global mortality rates in the decade 2020-2030 compared to the period 2005-2015.
  • Substantially reduce the number of affected people globally by 2030, aiming to lower average global figure per 100,000 in the decade 2020 -2030 compared to the period 2005-2015.
  • Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to the global gross domestic product (GDP) by 2030.
  • Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services by 2030.
  • Substantially increase the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020.
  • Substantially enhance international cooperation to developing countries through adequate and sustainable support to complement their national actions for implementation.
  • Substantially increase the availability of and access to multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information and assessments to the people by 2030.


India and United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction has signed a Statement of Cooperation. India will partner with UNISDR to work towards strengthening the capacity of Asian countries in ensuring risk resilient development. It will also facilitate the sharing of knowledge and experiences, and collaborative efforts towards addressing critical regional challenges. 

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