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Day 82 – Q 1.What are quinary services? How is it different from quaternary sector activities? Discuss.

1. What are quinary services? How is it different from quaternary sector activities? Discuss.  

क्विनरी सेवाएं क्या हैं? यह चतुर्धातुक क्षेत्र की गतिविधियों से कैसे भिन्न है? चर्चा करें।


Growth of modern economy has led to the addition of two more industrial sectors to which businesses belong. These are quaternary and quinary sectors. The highest level of decision makers or policy makers perform quinary activities. These are subtly different from the knowledge based industries that the quaternary sector in general deals with.


  • Quinary activities are services that focus on the creation, re-arrangement and interpretation of new and existing ideas; data interpretation and the use and evaluation of new technologies.
  • Often referred to as ‘gold collar’ professions, they represent another subdivision of the tertiary sector representing special and highly paid skills of senior business executives, government officials, research scientists, financial and legal consultants, etc. Their importance in the structure of advanced economies far outweighs their numbers. 
  • New trends in quinary services include knowledge processing outsourcing (KPO) and ‘home shoring’, the latter as an alternative to outsourcing. The KPO industry is distinct from Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) as it involves highly skilled workers. It is information driven knowledge outsourcing. KPO enables companies to create additional business opportunities.
TLP Phase 1 – Day 82 Synopsis

TLP Phase 1 – Day 82 Synopsis

  • This sector includes top executives or officials in such fields as government, science, universities, nonprofits, health care, culture, and the media. It may also include police and fire departments, which are public services as opposed to for-profit enterprises.
  • Economists sometimes also include domestic activities (duties performed in the home by a family member or dependent) in the quinary sector. These activities, such as child care or housekeeping, are typically not measured by monetary amounts but contribute to the economy by providing services for free that would otherwise be paid for. 
  • The quaternary sector, on the other hand, is the fourth sector of the economy which consists of intellectual activities often associated with technological innovation. It is sometimes called the knowledge economy. 
  • Activities associated with this sector include government, culture, libraries, scientific research, education, and information technology. These intellectual services and activities are what drive technological advancement, which can have a huge impact on short- and long-term economic growth. 

Quinary activities are different from Quaternary activities in the following manner: 

  • Quinary sector represents the highest category of decision makers who formulate policy guidelines whereas Quaternary is part of tertiary sector of the economy which is knowledge based.
  • The services provided under the quinary sector can’t be completely outsourced whereas services involved in Quaternary  type of economy are outsourced in varied forms as the doctor’ services, elementary schools and university classrooms, theaters, and brokerage firms.
  • Over half of all workers In developed economies are in the ‘Knowledge Sector’ and there has been a very high growth in demand for and consumption of information based services where as quinary services have been limited to a small section of population with large influence.


The “Quaternary” and “Quinary” sectors of the economy have no universally accepted definitions yet, so the analysis vary with different opinions but the overall evidence points to the fact that these sectors play the most decisive role in any modern economy.

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