Think Learn & Perform (TLP)

The Only Dedicated Platform for UPSC Mains Answer Writing

Day 22 – Q 1.Examine the factors behind poor learning outcomes in India. How can this be addressed? Discuss.

1. Examine the factors behind poor learning outcomes in India. How can this be addressed? Discuss.  

भारत में दयनीय शिक्षा के परिणामों के पीछे कारकों की जांच करें। इसे कैसे सही किया जा सकता है? चर्चा करें।


The goals of learning according to UNESCO are learning to know, learning to do, learning to live in harmony & learning to be.  It is said that ” Malnourished minds cannot make proper choices”, hence it is necessary to focus on the outcomes of education to derive the ultimate advantage of the demographic dividend of India. In terms of outcomes in India it has been witnessed – in the ASER report published by NGO Pratham that only 50% students of class 5 can study the class 2 books and only 26% of students from class 2 can do basic Arithmetic. 


Need to improve the Learning outcomes- 

  • To take advantage of India’s Demographic Dividend.
  • To boost India’s GDP and for Economic Empowerment.
  • To invest in Human resource and improve Quality of Life.
  • For overall socio economic development.         

The challenges of the present day education system are

  1. Pressure of expectation from parents and society. It recognizes children only as exam cracking achievers. Human life is guided by narrow vision of success which in turn is defined by the narrow vision of marks.
  2. Too much exam focus – today all other forms of learning not tested by exams are neglected and are irrelevant. Abandoning exams is suggested by the multiple committees from the Zakir Hussain report on national basic education.
  3. Continuous comprehensive evaluation stated under right to education is not properly implemented. The CCE does not suit the authoritarian school organisations, administration and syllabus organisation. So, many states are drifting to old pass and fail system.
  4. Adolescent psychology is not given due importance in learning of children.
  5. Employability has become the objective of learning. Choice of subjects after Matriculation is guided by this.
  6. Learning is equated with grades and percentages in exams.
  7. Low Student teacher ratio.
  8. High levels of school dropouts.
  9. Paucity of Trained professionals.
  10. Focus on Rote Learning.

However, the issues related to Learning out comes can be tackled by following ways – 

TSR Subramanian committee on education policy recommended for

  1. Indian education services
  2. Autonomy to the better rated institutions
  3. Streamlining and professionalising the rating of educational institutions.
  4. No detention policy only till class V
  5. Remedial classes to improve the learning abilitiews
  6. Inculcation of values.

With respect to Higher Education

  • TSR Subramaniam committee on higher education recommended that UGC act shall be allowed to lapse and UGC as an institution failed to ensure the quality of higher education. It shall be revamped and at best it could be made as a nodal point for the proposed National higher education fellowship program.
  • It also highlighted lack of adequate nprovacy umber of personnel of requisite quality to be an effective regulatory force in higher education.
  • Yashpal Committee – recommended for the creation of an authority All India council for higher education subsuming all regulatory authorities like UGC and AICTE
  • Internationalization of Education – by Improving the Global Exposure.
  • Increasing Autonomy to Higher education institutions.

Some Initiatives by the Government: – 

  1. Jigyasa Initiative – To connect School Students and Scientists.
  2. SABLA scheme – All round development of adolescent girls and making them self-reliant.
  3. Online Initiatives like 
    1. SWAYAM 
    2. SWAYAM prabha
    3. Shaala Darpan
  4. Schemes for Minorities 
    1. Seekho aur kamao – For Skill development and employability of MInorities
    2. USTTAD – To upgrade skills and training for traditional arts.
    3. Padho Pardesh – To give educational loans to study abroad.


In spite of different initiatives of the Government for Women, Minorities and Disabled – the obstacles of Last Mile Connectivity, cutting edge Corruption, Inclusion and Exclusion errors, Infrastructural bottlenecks makes it a hindrance for the initiatives to reach the masses. Thus, “Affordable, Equitable, Accessible, Inclusive and Quality” education though achieving progress, yet India need to go a long way to achieve the true utilization of its democratic potential.

BEST ANSWER :  Aspirant 123

Print Friendly, PDF & Email